Creative user-centered visualization design for energy analysts and modelers

Sarah Goodwin, Jason Dykes, Sara Jones, Iain Dillingham, Graham Dove, Alison Duffy, Alexander Kachkaev, Aidan Slingsby, Jo Wood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)


We enhance a user-centered design process with techniques that deliberately promote creativity to identify opportunities for the visualization of data generated by a major energy supplier. Visualization prototypes developed in this way prove effective in a situation whereby data sets are largely unknown and requirements open-enabling successful exploration of possibilities for visualization in Smart Home data analysis. The process gives rise to novel designs and design metaphors including data sculpting. It suggests: that the deliberate use of creativity techniques with data stakeholders is likely to contribute to successful, novel and effective solutions; that being explicit about creativity may contribute to designers developing creative solutions; that using creativity techniques early in the design process may result in a creative approach persisting throughout the process. The work constitutes the first systematic visualization design for a data rich source that will be increasingly important to energy suppliers and consumers as Smart Meter technology is widely deployed. It is novel in explicitly employing creativity techniques at the requirements stage of visualization design and development, paving the way for further use and study of creativity methods in visualization design.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6634166
Pages (from-to)2516-2525
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 4 Nov 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Creativity techniques
  • data visualization
  • energy consumption
  • smart home
  • user-centered design

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