Coupling of non-selective adsorption with selective elution for novel in-line separation and detection of cadmium by vapour generation atomic absorption spectrometry

Yanlin Zhang, Samuel B O Adeloju

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11 Citations (Scopus)


Non-selective adsorption of Cd2+ ions on a cation exchange fiber and subsequent selective elution with a KI solution has been strategically utilized to develop a highly selective in-line separation of Cd2+ ions from other metal ions for its rapid and reliable quantification by cold vapour-atomic absorption spectrometry. After retention of Cd2+ with a high efficiency on cation exchange fiber, selective elution of the retained Cd2+ was subsequently accomplished with 0.3 M KI. Vapour generation of Cd for in-line CV-AAS determination was then achieved by merging the eluate with HCl and NaBH4. Interferences from most base metals with the vapour generation of Cd were eliminated by this approach, with the exception of Pb2+ions which was removed by co-precipitation with BaSO4 prior to the in-line separation. Substantial improvement in sensitivity of the in-line CV-AAS determination of Cd was achieved by increasing the sample loading time. A detection limit of 0.6 ng L-1 (3σ) was obtained with sample loading time of 120 s, corresponding to a consumption of 24 mL of sample solution. Application of the method to the determination of Cd in certified sediment and fish samples gave a good agreement with the certified values. Further validation by recovery study in real fish sample digests and water gave average Cd recoveries of 98.7±1.0% for fish and 92±3% for water with RSD of 1.5% for fish and 4% for water, respectively
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)148 - 155
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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