Coupled effect of CO2 attack and tensile stress on well cement under CO2 storage conditions

Tao Gu, Xiaoyang Guo, Zaoyuan Li, Xiaowei Cheng, Xiaoxia Fan, Asghar Korayem, Wen Hui Duan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In carbon capture and storage (CCS) wells, the well cement is attacked by CO2-rich fluids, coupled with tensile stress. In this study, well cement samples were designed to be exposed to humid CO2 gas and CO2 saturated brine and simultaneously subjected to external tensile stresses with load levels of 25%, 50%, and 75% of the initial tensile strength. The experimental results showed that a higher external tensile stress (50% and 75%) facilitated the generation and propagation of micro-cracks in the tension zone of loaded samples. Hence, the aggressive CO2-rich medium found direct paths to penetrate further into the core, significantly accelerating the rate of carbonation and failure of the well cement. As a result of the faster ion exchange and transfer, the carbonation rate was faster and the onset of failure in samples immersed in CO2-saturated brine occurred earlier than in the supercritical CO2 scenario. Findings from this study provide new, important information for understanding the integrity of well cement sheath under actual CCS well conditions, thereby promoting superior cement system design and safer operation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92-102
Number of pages11
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume130
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • CO corrosion
  • Coupled effect
  • Integrity
  • Oilwell cement
  • Tensile stress

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