Countercation effect on CO2 binding to oxo titanate with bulky anilide ligands

Albert Paparo, Jared S. Silvia, Thomas P. Spaniol, Jun Okuda, Christopher C. Cummins

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5 Citations (Scopus)


This work focuses on nucleophilic activation of CO2 at the anionic terminal oxo titanium tris(anilide) complexes [(Solv)nM][OTi(N[tBu]Ar)3]m with M=Li, Na, K, Mg, MgMe, AlCl2, AlI2; Ar=3,5-Me2C6H3; Solv=Et2O, THF, 12-crown-4, 2,2,2-cryptand; n, m=1–2. The CO2 binding strength to the terminal oxo ligand of [OTi(N[tBu]Ar)3] ([1]) and the stability of the resulting carbonate moiety [O2COTi(N[tBu]Ar)3] ([2]) are highly dependent on the Lewis acidity of the countercation. We report herein on CO2 binding as a function of countercation and countercation coordination environment, and comment in this respect on the bottom and upper limits of the cation Lewis acidity. Thermodynamic parameters are provided for oxo complexes with lithium as countercation, that is, [(Et2O)2Li][1] and [(12-c-4)Li][1].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17072-17079
Number of pages8
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Issue number64
Publication statusPublished - 16 Nov 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • carbon dioxide
  • carbonate
  • countercation
  • oxo complexes
  • titanium

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