A cortical bone graft on a muscle pedicle was taken from the ulna and transferred to bridge a complete defect of the radius in 16 dogs. In 14 control dogs a free graft was used, that is, one without a muscle pedicle. Union in the group with pedicle grafts was far superior to that in the group with free grafts, mainly because in those with pedicle grafts there was good subperiosteal new bone formation from active viable periosteum. In six of the pedicle grafts the viability of some osteocytes was retained over a 12-week period and in five the graft was almost completely replaced by new bone.
|Number of pages
|The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, British Volume
|Published - 1985