Corrosion performance of Ti3SiC2, Ti3AlC2, Ti2AlC and Cr2AlC MAX phases in simulated primary water conditions

Joseph Ward, David Bowden, Eric Prestat, Sam Holdsworth, David Stewart, Michel W. Barsoum, Michael Preuss, Philipp Frankel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)


The response of Ti3SiC2, Ti3AlC2, Ti2AlC and Cr2AlC MAX phases under simulated primary water has been explored for the first time. Samples were tested for 28 days in 300 °C water with the addition of 2 ppm LiOH. The Ti-based MAX phases formed oxides of TiO and TiFeO3. X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy showed no evidence of a passive Al or Si-based layer forming during testing. A-layer dissolution was observed to cause delamination of the layered structure. In contrast, Cr2AlC showed little change during autoclave testing, suggesting that a thin passivating chromia layer was formed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)444-453
Number of pages10
JournalCorrosion Science
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Accident tolerant fuel coatings
  • Corrosion
  • MAX phases
  • Nuclear

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