Correlations between histopathological diagnosis of chemotherapy-induced hepatic injury, clinical features, and perioperative morbidity

Charles H.C. Pilgrim, Laveniya Satgunaseelan, Alan Pham, William K Murray, Emma Kate Link, Marty Smith, Val Usatoff, Peter M. Evans, Simon Banting, Benjamin N J Thomson, Wayne A. Phillips, Michael Michael

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Abstract

Background: Chemotherapy has in some series been linked with increased morbidity after a hepatectomy. Hepatic injuries may result from the treatment with chemotherapy, but can also be secondary to co-morbid diseases. The aim of the present study was to draw correlations between clinical features, treatment with chemotherapy and injury phenotypes and assess the impact of each upon perioperative morbidity. Patients and methods: Retrospective samples (n= 232) were scored grading steatosis, steatohepatitis and sinusoidal injury (SI). Clinical data were retrieved from medical records. Correlations were drawn between injury, clinical features and perioperative morbidity. Results: Injury rates were 18%, 4% and 19% for steatosis, steatohepatitis and SI, respectively. High-grade steatosis was more common in patients with diabetes [odds ratio (OR) = 3.33, P= 0.01] and patients with a higher weight (OR/kg = 1.04, P= 0.02). Steatohepatitis was increased with metabolic syndrome (OR = 5.88, P= 0.02). Chemotherapy overall demonstrated a trend towards an approximately doubled risk of high-grade steatosis and steatohepatitis although not affecting SI. However, pre-operative chemotherapy was associated with an increased SI (OR = 2.18, P= 0.05). Operative morbidity was not increased with chemotherapy, but was increased with steatosis (OR = 2.38, P= 0.02). Conclusions: Diabetes and higher weight significantly increased the risk of steatosis, whereas metabolic syndrome significantly increased risk of steatohepatitis. The presence of high-grade steatosis increases perioperative morbidity, not administration of chemotherapy per se.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)333-340
Number of pages8
JournalHPB
Volume14
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • chemotherapy
  • chemotherapy < liver
  • colorectal carcinoma
  • colorectal metastases < liver
  • hepatectomy
  • perioperative morbidity

Cite this

Pilgrim, C. H. C., Satgunaseelan, L., Pham, A., Murray, W. K., Link, E. K., Smith, M., Usatoff, V., Evans, P. M., Banting, S., Thomson, B. N. J., Phillips, W. A., & Michael, M. (2012). Correlations between histopathological diagnosis of chemotherapy-induced hepatic injury, clinical features, and perioperative morbidity. HPB, 14(5), 333-340. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1477-2574.2012.00454.x