## Abstract

The acoustic analogy provides a general framework for predicting broadband jet noise. The accuracy of the noise predictions is strongly dependent on the second- and fourth-order integral time and length scales of the turbulence quantities in the jet. Two low-order models for the second- and fourth-order integral length scales are examined. The low-order models are defined by locally isotropic scales estimated from two-dimensional particle image velocimetry measurements. These measurements are of screeching underexpanded unheated round jets issuing from a purely converging nozzle at conditions that correspond to ideally expanded Mach numbers of 1.45 and 1.59. The jets are dominated by the helical (C) instability screech mode, which is associated with large-scale coherent periodic fluctuations. These fluctuations are filtered using a proper orthogonal decomposition method to assess low-order models that approximate the length scales associated with the broadband noise mechanisms. The length scale model parameters are shown to be insensitive for the two Machnumbers considered. The root-mean-square error associated with the low-order models indicates that either is sufficient for approximating the integral length scales required to model equivalent sources of broadband jet noise.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 735-748 |

Number of pages | 14 |

Journal | AIAA Journal |

Volume | 57 |

Issue number | 2 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 1 Feb 2019 |