Coronary image quality of 320-MDCT in patients with heart rates above 65 beats per minute: Preliminary experience

Allan Lee, Dee Nandurkar, Michal Schneider-Kolsky, Marcus Crossett, Sujith Seneviratne, James Cameron, John Troupis

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High heart rate may negatively influence the image quality of cardiac CT. The technical advances of 320-MDCT may overcome issues with poor image quality associated with high heart rate. This study aimed to evaluate the coronary image quality of 320-MDCT in patients with heart rates above 65 beats/min. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who presented for cardiac CT were divided into two groups according to heart rate, either greater than 65 beats/min or less than or equal to 65 beats/min. Two radiologists were blinded to the patient groups and evaluated images of 15 coronary artery segments per patient using 320-MDCT with consensus agreement. The image quality was scored subjectively as 1 or 2 (diagnostic quality) or 3 (poor quality and nondiagnostic). RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups in terms of age, sex, and body mass index (p > 0.05). The median heart rate was 70 beats/min (range, 67-110 beats/min) for the group with heart rate greater than 65 beats/min and 60 beats/min (range, 48-65 beats/min) for the group with heart rate less than or equal to 65 beats/min (p <0.001). In patients with heart rates greater than 65 beats/min, diagnostic quality images (scores of 1 or 2) were obtained in 95.6 of the analyzed segments, compared with 96.9 in the group with heart rate less than or equal to 65 beats/min (p = 0.7). CONCLUSION: Our initial evaluation suggests that coronary artery images of diagnostic quality can be obtained using 320-MDCT in most patients with heart rates greater than 65 beats/min, in percentages similar to those for patients with heart rates less than or equal to 65 beats/min. This finding may be the result of the inherent image acquisition and reconstruction technique of 320-MDCT.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)W729 - W735
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Volume196
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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