Copolymerization behavior of 7-methylene-2-methyl-1,5-dithiacyclooctane: Reversible cross-propagation

Simon Harrisson, Thomas P. Davis, Richard A. Evans, Ezio Rizzardo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The copolymerization behavior of 7-methylene-2-methyl-1,5-dithiacyclooctane (MDTO) with a range of common comonomers has been investigated and found to be highly unusual. The resulting copolymers contained blocks of homo-poly(MDTO), even at low MDTO feed ratios. Changes in temperature and monomer concentration have a significant effect on the copolymer composition of methyl methacrylate-MDTO and styrene-MDTO mixtures and therefore on the apparent reactivity ratios. The magnitude of the concentration effect is independent of the solvent. A new copolymerization mechanism is proposed in which the addition of an MDTO radical to the comonomer is reversible while all other propagation reactions are effectively irreversible. To our knowledge, this is the first observation of such a mechanism. Parameters for MDTO-M2 (M2 = STY, MMA) according to this model are reported as (rMDTO, r2,k-12/k22) = (0.06, 7, 17; M2 = STY) and (0.38, 3.2, 2.5; M2 = MMA) at 60 °C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3869-3876
Number of pages8
JournalMacromolecules
Volume34
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jun 2001
Externally publishedYes

Cite this