Coordination chemistry of a mono-dibenzofuran derivative of 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane

Jose Alejandro Barreto Solano, Tanmaya Joshi, Taracad Venkatachalam, David Charles Reutens, Bimbil Graham, Leone Spiccia

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Copper(II) and cadmium(II) complex of a mono-dibenzofuran derivative of 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane (cyclen), L1, have been prepared by reaction of the mono-dibenzofuran-substituted cyclen with either copper(II) or cadmium(II) perchlorate in acetonitrile. This yielded the corresponding divalent metal complexes, [Cu(L1)](ClO4)2·H2O (C1) and [Cd(L1)](ClO4)2·H2O (C2), which were isolated as single crystals suitable for X-ray crystallography by diffusing diethyl ether into an acetonitrile solution of each complex. For the copper(II) complex, C1, the X-ray crystal structure revealed a distorted square pyramidal Cu(II) coordination sphere occupied by four amine nitrogens from the cyclen ring and one oxygen from the amide linkage present in L1. On the other hand, the metal center in the cadmium complex is seven coordinate, with two weakly bound acetonitrile molecules occupying two additional coordination sites about the Cd(II) center; these bind cis to the amide oxygen. The coordination geometry is best described as monocapped trigonal prismatic. In both complexes, the secondary amine nitrogens on the cyclen macrocycle form hydrogen bonds with perchlorate counterions present in the crystal lattice. Titration of L1 with various metal ions (Mn2+, Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Zn2+, and Cd2+) in acetonitrile revealed a gradual quenching of the benzofuran emission with increasing [M2+] consistent with formation of metal complexes with a 1: 1 M2+: L1 stoichiometry. From the emission data, the conditional stability constant was determined to be 10-20 times higher for the Cu(II) complex than the other divalent metal complexes investigated
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-349
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Coordination Chemistry
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Coordination chemistry
  • Macrocyclic ligands
  • Crystal structures
  • Fluorescence
  • Metal ion-binding affinity

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