Convection in a parameterized and superparameterized model and its role in the representation of the MJO

Hongyan Zhu, Harry Hendon, Christian Jakob

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The behavior of convection and the Madden-Julian oscillation (MJO) is compared in two simulations from the same global climate model but with two very different treatments of convection: one has a conventional parameterization of moist processes and the other replaces the parameterization with a two-dimensional cloud-resolving model, the so-called superparameterization. The different behavior of local convection and the MJO in the two model simulations reveals that the accurate representation of the following characteristics in the modes of convection might contribute to the improvement of the MJO simulations: (i) precipitation should be an exponentially increasing function of the column saturation fraction, (ii) heavy precipitation should be associated with a stratiform diabatic heating profile, and (iii) there should be a positive relationship between precipitation and surface latent heat flux.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2796 - 2811
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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