Controversies in bariatric surgery

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Background There are many controversies related to bariatric surgery. This review explores selected areas. Methods A combination of randomized clinical trials (RCTs), systematic reviews and expert opinion have been brought together to highlight areas of importance or conflict. Results and Conclusion Metabolic surgery is an increasingly preferred term rather than bariatric or obesity surgery. Reporting should be standardized to include appropriate weight measures, valid disease measures and data on loss to follow-up. There are many putative mechanisms of effect of key bariatric procedures, but satiety and early satiation appear central. Weight loss must be durable. Long-term outcome studies (more than 10-year follow-up) show that biliopancreatic diversion is most effective, with 72 per cent excess weight loss (EWL). Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) are equally effective, with 54 per cent EWL. There are no long-term data on vertical sleeve gastrectomy. Type II diabetes is a common and serious disease, usually associated with increased weight. Multiple RCTs have shown that bariatric surgery provides clear benefits over continuing with non-surgical therapies. The earlier the treatment, the more likely and durable will be the remission. Bariatric surgery should be available to all who are obese (body mass index over 30-kg/m2). LAGB, a safe, effective, reversible outpatient procedure, is the author's preferred primary option. A logical approach to metabolic surgery

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-618
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Journal of Surgery
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2015

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