Clinical hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell (HSPC) transplantation outcomes are strongly correlated with the number of cells infused. Hence, to generate sufficient HSPCs for transplantation, the best culture parameters for expansion are critical. It is generally assumed that the defined oxygen (O2 ) set for the incubator reflects the pericellular O2 to which cells are being exposed. Studies have shown that low O2 tension maintains an undifferentiated state, but the expansion rate may be constrained because of limited diffusion in a static culture system. A combination of low ambient O2 and dynamic culture conditions has been developed to increase the reconstituting capacity of human HSPCs. In this unit, the protocols for serum-free expansion of HSPCs at 5% and 20% O2 in static and dynamic nutrient flow mode are described. Finally, the impact of O2 tension on HSPC expansion in vitro by flow cytometry and colony forming assays and in vivo through engraftment using a murine model is assessed.
- bone marrow repopulation assay
- dynamic culture system
- hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell expansion
- pericellular oxygen
- umbilical cord blood