Control of LPV modeled AC-microgrid based on mixed H2/H time-varying linear state feedback and robust predictive algorithm

Moslem Dehghani, Mohammad Ghiasi, Taher Niknam, Kumars Rouzbehi, Zhanle Wang, Pierluigi Siano, Hassan Haes Alhelou

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8 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a robust model predictive control (RMPC) method with a new mixed H2/ H linear time-varying state feedback design. In addition, we propose a linear parameter-varying model for inverters in a microgrid (MG), in which disturbances and uncertainty are considered, where the inverters connect in parallel to renewable energy sources (RES). The proposed RMPC can use the gain-scheduled control law and satisfy both the H2 and H proficiency requirements under various conditions, such as disturbance and load variation. A multistep control method is proposed to reduce the conservativeness caused by the unique feedback control law, enhance the control proficiency, and strengthen the RMPC feasible area. Furthermore, a practical and efficient RMPC is designed to reduce the online computational burden. The presented controller can implement load sharing among distributed generators (DGs) to stabilize the frequency and voltage of an entire smart island. The proposed strategy is implemented and studied in a MG with two DG types and various load types. Specifically, through converters, one type of DGs is used to control frequency and voltage, and the other type is used to control current. These two types of DGs operate in a parallel mode. Simulation results show that the proposed RMPCs are input-to-state practically stable (ISpS). Compared with other controllers in the literature, the proposed strategy can lead to minor total harmonic distortion (THD), lower steady-state error, and faster response to system disturbance and load variation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3738-3755
Number of pages18
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 30 Dec 2021


  • Distributed generation unit
  • H/Hcontrol
  • Linear parameter varying system
  • Microgrid
  • Robust model predictive control

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