STUDY QUESTION What are the effects of the eotaxin group of chemokines (CCL11, CCL24 and CCL26) on extravillous trophoblast (EVT) functions important during uterine decidual vessel remodelling? SUMMARY ANSWER CCL11, CCL24 and CCL26 can regulate EVT migration, invasion and adhesion, highlighting a potential regulatory role for these chemokines during uterine decidual spiral arteriole remodelling in the first trimester of human pregnancy. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY A successful human pregnancy depends on adequate remodelling of the uterine decidual spiral arterioles, a process carried out by EVT which invade from the placenta. The invasion by EVT into the maternal uterine decidual vessels is regulated by the interaction of many factors including members of the chemokine subfamily of cytokines. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION This study used the HTR8/SVneo cell line as a model for invasive EVT. All experiments were repeated on at least three separate occasions.PARTICIPANTS/ MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS The effect of recombinant human CCL11, CCL24 and CCL26 on EVT migration and invasive potential was measured using the xCELLigence real-time system, wound-healing and Matrigel invasion assays, zymography to measure MMP activity and reverse zymography to measure TIMP activity. A commercially available adhesion assay was used to assess EVT adhesion to extracellular matrix proteins. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE All the three eotaxins were found to significantly stimulate migration of the EVT-derived cell line HTR8/SVneo (P < 0.05) with no significant changes in cell number following treatment with each chemokine (P > 0.05). All the three eotaxins significantly increased HTR8/SVneo invasion (P < 0.05) and MMP2 activity (P < 0.05) without any effects on TIMP2 activity (P > 0.05). All the three eotaxins significantly increased HTR8/SVneo cell binding to collagen IV (P < 0.05) and fibronectin (P < 0.05). LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION This work has been conducted in vitro with a commonly used cell line model of EVT, HTR8/SVneo. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS This study is the first to comprehensively examine the effects of the eotaxin group of chemokines on EVT functions and demonstrates that all the three eotaxins have the ability to regulate EVT functions critical to their role in vessel remodelling. This identifies a new role for the eotaxin group of chemokines during placentation. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S) This work was supported by a grant from the Heart Foundation, Australia (G10M 5185).
- extravillous trophoblast