Contribution of GABRG2 Polymorphisms to Risk of Epilepsy and Febrile Seizure: a Multicenter Cohort Study and Meta-analysis

Batoul Sadat Haerian, Larry Baum, Patrick Kwan, Stacey S. Cherny, Jae Gook Shin, Sung Eun Kim, Bok Ghee Han, Hui Jan Tan, Azman Ali Raymond, Chong Tin Tan, Zahurin Mohamed

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Abstract

Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor (GABA-A) is the most common receptor of fast synaptic inhibition in the human brain. Gamma protein encoded by the GABRG2 gene is one of the subunits of the GABA-A receptor, which plays an essential role in the function of this receptor. Several studies have identified various febrile seizure (FS) and epilepsy risk variants of GABRG2 gene in different populations, but some others did not support these results. The aim of this case–control study is to investigate whether GABRG2 polymorphisms contribute to susceptibility for FS and epilepsy in pooled data of three cohorts, from Malaysia (composed of Malay, Chinese, and Indian), Hong Kong, and Korea. Furthermore, the pooled dataset of these cohorts with previous reports were meta-analyzed for determining the risk effect size of the rs211037 polymorphism on FS and symptomatic epilepsy (SE). The rs211037, rs210987, rs440218, rs2422106, rs211014, and rs401750 polymorphisms were genotyped in the 6442 subjects (1729 epilepsy and 4713 controls). Results of the case–control study showed associations between rs211037 and the risk of SE in the pooled data from all cohorts (T vs. C, p = 3 × 10−5, and TT vs. CC, p = 2 × 10−5) and the risk of partial seizure in the combined data of Malaysia and Hong Kong (both T vs. C and TT vs. CC, p = 2 × 10−6). The rs211037-rs210987 and rs2422106-rs211014-rs401750 haplotypes were also associated with susceptibility to SE in Chinese. Meta-analysis of all Asians identified association between rs211037 and FS and SE (T vs. C, p = 4 × 10−4, and p = 4 × 10−3, respectively). In conclusion, rs211037 alone may be a risk factor for FS, partial seizure, and SE, and in linkage disequilibrium with rs210987 can contribute to FS and SE in Asians, particularly in Chinese.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5457-5467
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular Neurobiology
Volume53
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Epilepsy
  • GABRG2
  • Polymorphism
  • Susceptibility

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