Continuous crossover (s) events of HIV-1 CRF01Æ and B subtype strain in Malaysia: Evidence of rapid and extensive HIV -1 evolution in the region

Katherine A. Lau, Bin Wang, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Kee Peng Ng, Nitin K. Saksena

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The Asian HIV epidemic appears to be complex, characterized by the prevalence of multiple subtypes and circulating recombinant forms with gradual replacement of pure HIV-1 subtypes in several geographical regions. The main objectives of the present study are to identify and analyse the full-length viral genomes of three unique recombinant forms (URFs); the HIV-1 isolates 07MYKLD47, 07MYKLD48 and 07MYKLD49 from Malaysia. Long range polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of seven overlapping reading frames was used to derive near full-length HIV-1 genomes. Detailed phylogenetic and bootscanning analyses were performed to determine phylogenetic associations and subtypic assignments. We further confirmed the mosaic composition of these CRF01Æ/B inter-subtype recombinant forms, which are composed of B-subtype fragment(s) in the backbone of CRF01Æ. Both 07MYKLD47 and 07MYKLD48 have an insertion of B subtype (880 bp and 532 bp) in the gag-pol and gp41-env, gene regions, respectively. Whereas the solate 07MYKLD49 has three B-subtype fragments inserted in different gene region along the genome; one each in the gag-pol(1862 bp) and pol-vif (1935 bp) regions, and á short B-subtype insertion (541 bp) in the 5′ LTR-gag region. This highlights the public health relevance of newly emerging second generation HIV-1 recombinant forms and their dispersal, along with their rapid and continuous evolution in the region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-116
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent HIV Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • CRF01Æ
  • CRF01Æ/B inter-subtype recombinant
  • HIV-1
  • Malaysia
  • Subtype B
  • Unique recombinant form

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