Continuing breastfeeding for at least two years after birth in rural Vietnam: prevalence and psychosocial characteristics

Hemavarni Doma, Thach Duc Tran, Tuan Tran, Sarah Hanieh, Ha Tran, Trang Nguyen, Beverley Ann Biggs, Jane Fisher

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Background: The World Health Organization recommends breastfeeding for at least two years (24 months or more) after birth. In Vietnam, 22% of women continue breastfeeding for at least two years. The aim of this study was to determine the sociodemographic and psychosocial characteristics of mother-baby dyads associated with breastfeeding for 24 months or more in a rural setting in Vietnam. Methods: A secondary analysis was conducted on existing data obtained from a prospective study in Ha Nam, Vietnam. Women were recruited when they were pregnant and were followed up until 36 months after giving birth. The data were collected between 2009 and 2011. The associations between sociodemographic and psychosocial characteristics and continued breastfeeding for 24 months or more were examined using a multivariable logistic regression model. Results: Overall, 363 women provided complete data which were included in the analyses. Among those, 20.9% breastfed for 24 months or more. Women who were 31 years old or older were more likely to breastfeed for 24 months or more than women who were 20 years old or younger (adjusted odds ratio, AOR, 9.54 [95% CI 2.25, 40.47]). Women who gave birth to girls were less likely to breastfeed for 24 or more months than women who had boys (AOR 0.44; 95% CI 0.25, 0.80). Conclusions: This study provides evidence that may be useful for policy-makers to help improve breastfeeding practices for all children in Vietnam by targeting policy towards younger women and women with girls to promote continued breastfeeding for at least 24 months.

Original languageEnglish
Article number78
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Breastfeeding Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 12 Oct 2021


  • Maternal age
  • Rural
  • Sex of child
  • Sustained breastfeeding
  • Vietnam

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