Context sensitivity in action decreases along the autism spectrum: a predictive processing perspective

Colin J Palmer, Bryan Paton, Melissa Kirkovski, Peter Gregory Enticott, Jakob Hohwy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent predictive processing accounts of perception and action point towards a key challenge for the nervous system in dynamically optimizing the balance between incoming sensory information and existing expectations regarding the state of the environment. Here, we report differences in the influence of the preceding sensory context on motor function, varying with respect to both clinical and subclinical features of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Reachtograsp movements were recorded subsequent to an inactive period in which illusory ownership of a prosthetic limb was induced. We analysed the subcomponents of reach trajectories derived using a minimum jerk fitting procedure. Nonclinical adults low in autistic features showed disrupted movement execution following the illusion compared to a control condition. By contrast, individuals higher in autistic features (both those with ASD and nonclinical individuals high in autistic traits) showed reduced sensitivity to the presence of the illusion in their reaching movements while still exhibiting the typical perceptual effects of the illusion. Clinical individuals were distinct from nonclinical individuals scoring high in autistic features, however, in the early stages of movement. These results suggest that the influence of high-level representations of the environment differs between individuals, contributing to clinical and subclinical differences in motor performance that manifest in a contextual manner. As high-level representations of context help to explain fluctuations in sensory input over relatively longer time scales, more circumscribed sensitivity to prior or contextual information in autistic sensory processing could contribute more generally to reduced social comprehension, sensory impairments and a stronger desire for predictability and routine.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1 - 9
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Volume282
Issue number1802
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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