In this review, we focus on the confined water that exists in one-dimensional micro/nano composite structures, particularly inside biological nanochannels. Using these nanochannels as inspiration, we discuss a strategy for the design and construction of biomimetic smart nanochannels. Unique features of the inner surfaces of a nanochannel's wall have similar properties to living systems. Importantly, the abiotic analogs have potential applications in, for example, sensing, energy conversion and filtering.
- Confined water
- Micro/nano structures