Construction and Utilization of Rock Caverns in Singapore: Part D: Two Proposed Cavern Schemes

J. Zhao, J. Bergh-Christensen

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18 Citations (Scopus)


This paper considers cavern schemes for crude oil storage and warehouse-shelter facilities. The crude oil storage scheme, which consists of five caverns, provides a net storage capacity for crude oil of 800,000 m3; the total cost for the facility, including civil construction, mechanical and electrical instrumentation, is in the order of S$80-100 million. The warehouse-shelter scheme consists of five storage caverns with combined storage capacity of 210,000 m3, and a defence shelter with capacity of 2000 persons. The cost for the warehouse-shelter scheme is S$66 million, including all mechanical and electrical utilities, systems for ventilation, fire prevention and smoke extraction, and pump installations for discharging leakage water.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-91
Number of pages7
JournalTunnelling and Underground Space Technology
Issue number1 SPEC. ISS.
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1996
Externally publishedYes

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