Constraints on cosmic strings using data from the first Advanced LIGO observing run

LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Cosmic strings are topological defects which can be formed in grand unified theory scale phase transitions in the early universe. They are also predicted to form in the context of string theory. The main mechanism for a network of Nambu-Goto cosmic strings to lose energy is through the production of loops and the subsequent emission of gravitational waves, thus offering an experimental signature for the existence of cosmic strings. Here we report on the analysis conducted to specifically search for gravitational-wave bursts from cosmic string loops in the data of Advanced LIGO 2015-2016 observing run (O1). No evidence of such signals was found in the data, and as a result we set upper limits on the cosmic string parameters for three recent loop distribution models. In this paper, we initially derive constraints on the string tension Gμ and the intercommutation probability, using not only the burst analysis performed on the O1 data set but also results from the previously published LIGO stochastic O1 analysis, pulsar timing arrays, cosmic microwave background and big-bang nucleosynthesis experiments. We show that these data sets are complementary in that they probe gravitational waves produced by cosmic string loops during very different epochs. Finally, we show that the data sets exclude large parts of the parameter space of the three loop distribution models we consider.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102002
Number of pages20
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume97
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2018

Cite this

LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration. / Constraints on cosmic strings using data from the first Advanced LIGO observing run. In: Physical Review D. 2018 ; Vol. 97, No. 10.
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abstract = "Cosmic strings are topological defects which can be formed in grand unified theory scale phase transitions in the early universe. They are also predicted to form in the context of string theory. The main mechanism for a network of Nambu-Goto cosmic strings to lose energy is through the production of loops and the subsequent emission of gravitational waves, thus offering an experimental signature for the existence of cosmic strings. Here we report on the analysis conducted to specifically search for gravitational-wave bursts from cosmic string loops in the data of Advanced LIGO 2015-2016 observing run (O1). No evidence of such signals was found in the data, and as a result we set upper limits on the cosmic string parameters for three recent loop distribution models. In this paper, we initially derive constraints on the string tension Gμ and the intercommutation probability, using not only the burst analysis performed on the O1 data set but also results from the previously published LIGO stochastic O1 analysis, pulsar timing arrays, cosmic microwave background and big-bang nucleosynthesis experiments. We show that these data sets are complementary in that they probe gravitational waves produced by cosmic string loops during very different epochs. Finally, we show that the data sets exclude large parts of the parameter space of the three loop distribution models we consider.",
author = "Abbott, {B. P.} and R. Abbott and Abbott, {T. D.} and F. Acernese and K. Ackley and C. Adams and T. Adams and P. Addesso and Adhikari, {R. X.} and Adya, {V. B.} and C. Affeldt and M. Afrough and B. Agarwal and M. Agathos and K. Agatsuma and N. Aggarwal and Aguiar, {O. D.} and L. Aiello and A. Ain and P. Ajith and B. Allen and G. Allen and A. Allocca and Altin, {P. A.} and A. Amato and A. Ananyeva and Anderson, {S. B.} and Anderson, {W. G.} and S. Antier and S. Appert and K. Arai and Araya, {M. C.} and Areeda, {J. S.} and N. Arnaud and Arun, {K. G.} and S. Ascenzi and G. Ashton and M. Ast and Aston, {S. M.} and P. Astone and P. Aufmuth and C. Aulbert and K. Aultoneal and A. Avila-Alvarez and S. Babak and P. Bacon and Bader, {M. K.M.} and S. Bae and Baker, {P. T.} and F. Baldaccini and G. Ballardin and Ballmer, {S. W.} and S. Banagiri and Barayoga, {J. C.} and Barclay, {S. E.} and Barish, {B. C.} and D. Barker and F. Barone and B. Barr and L. Barsotti and M. Barsuglia and D. Barta and J. Bartlett and I. Bartos and R. Bassiri and A. Basti and Batch, {J. C.} and C. Baune and M. Bawaj and M. Bazzan and B. B{\'e}csy and C. Beer and M. Bejger and I. Belahcene and Bell, {A. S.} and Berger, {B. K.} and G. Bergmann and Berry, {C. P.L.} and D. Bersanetti and A. Bertolini and J. Betzwieser and S. Bhagwat and R. Bhandare and Bilenko, {I. A.} and G. Billingsley and Billman, {C. R.} and J. Birch and R. Birney and O. Birnholtz and S. Biscans and A. Bisht and M. Bitossi and C. Biwer and Bizouard, {M. A.} and Blackburn, {J. K.} and J. Blackman and Blair, {C. D.} and Blair, {D. G.} and Blair, {R. M.} and S. Bloemen and O. Bock and N. Bode and M. Boer and G. Bogaert and A. Bohe and F. Bondu and R. Bonnand and Boom, {B. A.} and R. Bork and V. Boschi and S. Bose and Y. Bouffanais and A. Bozzi and C. Bradaschia and Brady, {P. R.} and Braginsky, {V. B.} and M. Branchesi and Brau, {J. E.} and T. Briant and A. Brillet and M. Brinkmann and V. Brisson and P. Brockill and Broida, {J. E.} and Brooks, {A. F.} and Brown, {D. A.} and Brown, {D. D.} and Brown, {N. M.} and S. Brunett and Buchanan, {C. C.} and A. Buikema and T. Bulik and Bulten, {H. J.} and A. Buonanno and D. Buskulic and C. Buy and Byer, {R. L.} and M. Cabero and L. Cadonati and G. Cagnoli and C. Cahillane and {Calder{\'o}n Bustillo}, J. and Callister, {T. A.} and E. Calloni and Camp, {J. B.} and M. Canepa and P. Canizares and Cannon, {K. C.} and H. Cao and J. Cao and Capano, {C. D.} and E. Capocasa and F. Carbognani and S. Caride and Carney, {M. F.} and {Casanueva Diaz}, J. and C. Casentini and S. Caudill and M. Cavagli{\`a} and F. Cavalier and R. Cavalieri and G. Cella and Cepeda, {C. B.} and {Cerboni Baiardi}, L. and G. Cerretani and E. Cesarini and Chamberlin, {S. J.} and M. Chan and S. Chao and P. Charlton and E. Chassande-Mottin and D. Chatterjee and Cheeseboro, {B. D.} and Chen, {H. Y.} and Y. Chen and Cheng, {H. P.} and A. Chincarini and A. Chiummo and T. Chmiel and Cho, {H. S.} and M. Cho and Chow, {J. H.} and N. Christensen and Q. Chu and Chua, {A. J.K.} and S. Chua and Chung, {A. K.W.} and S. Chung and G. Ciani and R. Ciolfi and Cirelli, {C. E.} and A. Cirone and F. Clara and Clark, {J. A.} and F. Cleva and C. Cocchieri and E. Coccia and Cohadon, {P. F.} and A. Colla and Collette, {C. G.} and Cominsky, {L. R.} and M. Constancio and L. Conti and Cooper, {S. J.} and P. Corban and Corbitt, {T. R.} and Corley, {K. R.} and N. Cornish and A. Corsi and S. Cortese and Costa, {C. A.} and Coughlin, {M. W.} and Coughlin, {S. B.} and Coulon, {J. P.} and Countryman, {S. T.} and P. Couvares and Covas, {P. B.} and Cowan, {E. E.} and Coward, {D. M.} and Cowart, {M. J.} and Coyne, {D. C.} and R. Coyne and Creighton, {J. D.E.} and Creighton, {T. D.} and J. Cripe and Crowder, {S. G.} and Cullen, {T. J.} and A. Cumming and L. Cunningham and E. Cuoco and {Dal Canton}, T. and Danilishin, {S. L.} and S. D'Antonio and K. Danzmann and A. Dasgupta and {Da Silva Costa}, {C. F.} and V. Dattilo and I. Dave and M. Davier and D. Davis and Daw, {E. J.} and B. Day and S. De and D. Debra and Lasky, {P D} and Y. Levin and S. Qiu and L. Sammut and Smith, {R. J.E.} and E. Thrane and Chris Whittle and Zhu, {X. J.} and {LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration}",
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doi = "10.1103/PhysRevD.97.102002",
language = "English",
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journal = "Physical Review D",
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Constraints on cosmic strings using data from the first Advanced LIGO observing run. / LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration.

In: Physical Review D, Vol. 97, No. 10, 102002, 15.05.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Constraints on cosmic strings using data from the first Advanced LIGO observing run

AU - Abbott, B. P.

AU - Abbott, R.

AU - Abbott, T. D.

AU - Acernese, F.

AU - Ackley, K.

AU - Adams, C.

AU - Adams, T.

AU - Addesso, P.

AU - Adhikari, R. X.

AU - Adya, V. B.

AU - Affeldt, C.

AU - Afrough, M.

AU - Agarwal, B.

AU - Agathos, M.

AU - Agatsuma, K.

AU - Aggarwal, N.

AU - Aguiar, O. D.

AU - Aiello, L.

AU - Ain, A.

AU - Ajith, P.

AU - Allen, B.

AU - Allen, G.

AU - Allocca, A.

AU - Altin, P. A.

AU - Amato, A.

AU - Ananyeva, A.

AU - Anderson, S. B.

AU - Anderson, W. G.

AU - Antier, S.

AU - Appert, S.

AU - Arai, K.

AU - Araya, M. C.

AU - Areeda, J. S.

AU - Arnaud, N.

AU - Arun, K. G.

AU - Ascenzi, S.

AU - Ashton, G.

AU - Ast, M.

AU - Aston, S. M.

AU - Astone, P.

AU - Aufmuth, P.

AU - Aulbert, C.

AU - Aultoneal, K.

AU - Avila-Alvarez, A.

AU - Babak, S.

AU - Bacon, P.

AU - Bader, M. K.M.

AU - Bae, S.

AU - Baker, P. T.

AU - Baldaccini, F.

AU - Ballardin, G.

AU - Ballmer, S. W.

AU - Banagiri, S.

AU - Barayoga, J. C.

AU - Barclay, S. E.

AU - Barish, B. C.

AU - Barker, D.

AU - Barone, F.

AU - Barr, B.

AU - Barsotti, L.

AU - Barsuglia, M.

AU - Barta, D.

AU - Bartlett, J.

AU - Bartos, I.

AU - Bassiri, R.

AU - Basti, A.

AU - Batch, J. C.

AU - Baune, C.

AU - Bawaj, M.

AU - Bazzan, M.

AU - Bécsy, B.

AU - Beer, C.

AU - Bejger, M.

AU - Belahcene, I.

AU - Bell, A. S.

AU - Berger, B. K.

AU - Bergmann, G.

AU - Berry, C. P.L.

AU - Bersanetti, D.

AU - Bertolini, A.

AU - Betzwieser, J.

AU - Bhagwat, S.

AU - Bhandare, R.

AU - Bilenko, I. A.

AU - Billingsley, G.

AU - Billman, C. R.

AU - Birch, J.

AU - Birney, R.

AU - Birnholtz, O.

AU - Biscans, S.

AU - Bisht, A.

AU - Bitossi, M.

AU - Biwer, C.

AU - Bizouard, M. A.

AU - Blackburn, J. K.

AU - Blackman, J.

AU - Blair, C. D.

AU - Blair, D. G.

AU - Blair, R. M.

AU - Bloemen, S.

AU - Bock, O.

AU - Bode, N.

AU - Boer, M.

AU - Bogaert, G.

AU - Bohe, A.

AU - Bondu, F.

AU - Bonnand, R.

AU - Boom, B. A.

AU - Bork, R.

AU - Boschi, V.

AU - Bose, S.

AU - Bouffanais, Y.

AU - Bozzi, A.

AU - Bradaschia, C.

AU - Brady, P. R.

AU - Braginsky, V. B.

AU - Branchesi, M.

AU - Brau, J. E.

AU - Briant, T.

AU - Brillet, A.

AU - Brinkmann, M.

AU - Brisson, V.

AU - Brockill, P.

AU - Broida, J. E.

AU - Brooks, A. F.

AU - Brown, D. A.

AU - Brown, D. D.

AU - Brown, N. M.

AU - Brunett, S.

AU - Buchanan, C. C.

AU - Buikema, A.

AU - Bulik, T.

AU - Bulten, H. J.

AU - Buonanno, A.

AU - Buskulic, D.

AU - Buy, C.

AU - Byer, R. L.

AU - Cabero, M.

AU - Cadonati, L.

AU - Cagnoli, G.

AU - Cahillane, C.

AU - Calderón Bustillo, J.

AU - Callister, T. A.

AU - Calloni, E.

AU - Camp, J. B.

AU - Canepa, M.

AU - Canizares, P.

AU - Cannon, K. C.

AU - Cao, H.

AU - Cao, J.

AU - Capano, C. D.

AU - Capocasa, E.

AU - Carbognani, F.

AU - Caride, S.

AU - Carney, M. F.

AU - Casanueva Diaz, J.

AU - Casentini, C.

AU - Caudill, S.

AU - Cavaglià, M.

AU - Cavalier, F.

AU - Cavalieri, R.

AU - Cella, G.

AU - Cepeda, C. B.

AU - Cerboni Baiardi, L.

AU - Cerretani, G.

AU - Cesarini, E.

AU - Chamberlin, S. J.

AU - Chan, M.

AU - Chao, S.

AU - Charlton, P.

AU - Chassande-Mottin, E.

AU - Chatterjee, D.

AU - Cheeseboro, B. D.

AU - Chen, H. Y.

AU - Chen, Y.

AU - Cheng, H. P.

AU - Chincarini, A.

AU - Chiummo, A.

AU - Chmiel, T.

AU - Cho, H. S.

AU - Cho, M.

AU - Chow, J. H.

AU - Christensen, N.

AU - Chu, Q.

AU - Chua, A. J.K.

AU - Chua, S.

AU - Chung, A. K.W.

AU - Chung, S.

AU - Ciani, G.

AU - Ciolfi, R.

AU - Cirelli, C. E.

AU - Cirone, A.

AU - Clara, F.

AU - Clark, J. A.

AU - Cleva, F.

AU - Cocchieri, C.

AU - Coccia, E.

AU - Cohadon, P. F.

AU - Colla, A.

AU - Collette, C. G.

AU - Cominsky, L. R.

AU - Constancio, M.

AU - Conti, L.

AU - Cooper, S. J.

AU - Corban, P.

AU - Corbitt, T. R.

AU - Corley, K. R.

AU - Cornish, N.

AU - Corsi, A.

AU - Cortese, S.

AU - Costa, C. A.

AU - Coughlin, M. W.

AU - Coughlin, S. B.

AU - Coulon, J. P.

AU - Countryman, S. T.

AU - Couvares, P.

AU - Covas, P. B.

AU - Cowan, E. E.

AU - Coward, D. M.

AU - Cowart, M. J.

AU - Coyne, D. C.

AU - Coyne, R.

AU - Creighton, J. D.E.

AU - Creighton, T. D.

AU - Cripe, J.

AU - Crowder, S. G.

AU - Cullen, T. J.

AU - Cumming, A.

AU - Cunningham, L.

AU - Cuoco, E.

AU - Dal Canton, T.

AU - Danilishin, S. L.

AU - D'Antonio, S.

AU - Danzmann, K.

AU - Dasgupta, A.

AU - Da Silva Costa, C. F.

AU - Dattilo, V.

AU - Dave, I.

AU - Davier, M.

AU - Davis, D.

AU - Daw, E. J.

AU - Day, B.

AU - De, S.

AU - Debra, D.

AU - Lasky, P D

AU - Levin, Y.

AU - Qiu, S.

AU - Sammut, L.

AU - Smith, R. J.E.

AU - Thrane, E.

AU - Whittle, Chris

AU - Zhu, X. J.

AU - LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration

PY - 2018/5/15

Y1 - 2018/5/15

N2 - Cosmic strings are topological defects which can be formed in grand unified theory scale phase transitions in the early universe. They are also predicted to form in the context of string theory. The main mechanism for a network of Nambu-Goto cosmic strings to lose energy is through the production of loops and the subsequent emission of gravitational waves, thus offering an experimental signature for the existence of cosmic strings. Here we report on the analysis conducted to specifically search for gravitational-wave bursts from cosmic string loops in the data of Advanced LIGO 2015-2016 observing run (O1). No evidence of such signals was found in the data, and as a result we set upper limits on the cosmic string parameters for three recent loop distribution models. In this paper, we initially derive constraints on the string tension Gμ and the intercommutation probability, using not only the burst analysis performed on the O1 data set but also results from the previously published LIGO stochastic O1 analysis, pulsar timing arrays, cosmic microwave background and big-bang nucleosynthesis experiments. We show that these data sets are complementary in that they probe gravitational waves produced by cosmic string loops during very different epochs. Finally, we show that the data sets exclude large parts of the parameter space of the three loop distribution models we consider.

AB - Cosmic strings are topological defects which can be formed in grand unified theory scale phase transitions in the early universe. They are also predicted to form in the context of string theory. The main mechanism for a network of Nambu-Goto cosmic strings to lose energy is through the production of loops and the subsequent emission of gravitational waves, thus offering an experimental signature for the existence of cosmic strings. Here we report on the analysis conducted to specifically search for gravitational-wave bursts from cosmic string loops in the data of Advanced LIGO 2015-2016 observing run (O1). No evidence of such signals was found in the data, and as a result we set upper limits on the cosmic string parameters for three recent loop distribution models. In this paper, we initially derive constraints on the string tension Gμ and the intercommutation probability, using not only the burst analysis performed on the O1 data set but also results from the previously published LIGO stochastic O1 analysis, pulsar timing arrays, cosmic microwave background and big-bang nucleosynthesis experiments. We show that these data sets are complementary in that they probe gravitational waves produced by cosmic string loops during very different epochs. Finally, we show that the data sets exclude large parts of the parameter space of the three loop distribution models we consider.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85048103030&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevD.97.102002

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevD.97.102002

M3 - Article

VL - 97

JO - Physical Review D

JF - Physical Review D

SN - 2470-0010

IS - 10

M1 - 102002

ER -