Loss of heterozygosity for 11p markers and preferential loss of maternal alleles have been described in Wilms tumor. In this report we describe the molecular characterization of the constitutional and somatic 11p rearrangements in a del(11p13) WAGR patient with Wilms tumor. Both rearrangements led to loss of maternal alleles for two different regions of 11p, namely, 11p13 and 11p14 → p15. This result clearly suggests that Knudson's hypothesis of two hits at the same locus does not necessarily apply to Wilms tumor. Moreover, the loss of 11p15 maternal alleles in the tumor is not incompatible with maternal inheritance of predisposition at 11p13. The putative roles of these two loci are discussed.