Consistent with dopamine supersensitivity, RGS9 expression is diminished in the amphetamine-treated animal model of schizophrenia and in postmortem schizophrenia brain

Phillip Seeman, Francoise Ko, Elaine Jack, Rachel Greenstein, Brian Dean

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47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is known that RGS9-2 gene knockout mice show supersensitivity to DA and have a marked elevation in the proportion of DA D2 receptors in the high-affinity state for DA (D2High receptors). As this is a similar profile to that observed in the CNS from subjects with schizophrenia, we examined whether postmortem CNS tissue from subjects with the disorder and brain striata from an animal model of psychosis or schizophrenia (the amphetamine-sensitized rat) had altered levels of RGS9-2. The mRNA for RGS9-2 in 29 control hippocampi was 0.185 ? 0.015 fg per fg of -glucuronidase mRNA (average ? SE), while that in 29 schizophrenia hippocampi was 0.145 ? 0.015 fg per fg of -glucuronidase mRNA (average ? SE), a reduction of 22 . Of the many receptor-regulating genes related to G proteins, and of 11 RGS genes, RGS9-2 was the most reduced in the amphetamine-sensitized rat striatum. The reduced levels of RGS9-2 expression in both an animal model of schizophrenia and a postmortem schizophrenia brain provide further evidence implicating RGS9-2 as a candidate gene in schizophrenia
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303 - 309
Number of pages7
JournalSynapse
Volume61
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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