Conserved functions of hypothalamic kisspeptin in vertebrates

Mageswary Sivalingam, Satoshi Ogawa, Vance L. Trudeau, Ishwar S. Parhar

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8 Citations (Scopus)


Hypothalamic kisspeptin encoded by KISS1/Kiss1 gene emerged as a regulator of the reproductive axis in mammals following the discovery of the kisspeptin receptor (Kissr) and its role in reproduction. Kisspeptin-Kissr systems have been investigated in various vertebrates, and a conserved sequence of kisspeptin-Kissr has been identified in most vertebrate species except in the avian linage. In addition, multiple paralogs of kisspeptin sequences have been identified in the non-mammalian vertebrates. The allegedly conserved role of kisspeptin-Kissr in reproduction became debatable when kiss/kissr genes-deficient zebrafish and medaka showed no apparent effect on the onset of puberty, sexual development, maturation and reproductive capacity. Therefore, it is questionable whether the role of kisspeptin in reproduction is conserved among vertebrate species. Here we discuss from a comparative and evolutional aspect the diverse functions of kisspeptin and its receptor in vertebrates. Primarily this review focuses on the role of hypothalamic kisspeptin in reproductive and non-reproductive functions that are conserved in vertebrate species.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113973
Number of pages9
JournalGeneral and Comparative Endocrinology
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2022


  • Behaviour
  • Estrogens
  • Evolution
  • Metabolism
  • Reproduction

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