Conservation and divergence in the transcriptional programs of the human and mouse immune systems

Tal Shay, Vladimir Jojic, Or Zuk, Katherine Rothamel, David Puyraimond-Zemmour, Ting Feng, Ei Wakamatsu, Christophe Benoist, Daphne Koller, Aviv Regev, Paul Monach, Susan A Shinton, Richard R Hardy, Radu Jianu, David H Laidlaw, Jim J Collins, Roi Gazit, Brian S Garrison, Derrick J Rossi, Kavitha NarayanKatelyn Sylvia, Joonsoo Kang, Anne Fletcher, Kutlu G Elpek, Angelique Bellemare-Pelletier, Deepali Malhotra, Shannon J Turley, Adam J Best, Jamie Knell, Ananda W Goldrath, Nadia R Cohen, Patrick J Brennan, Michael B Brenner, Taras Kreslavsky, Natalie A Bezman, Joseph C Sun, Charlie C Kim, Lewis L Lanier, Jennifer C Miller, Brian D Brown, Miriam Merad, Emmanuel L Gautier, Claudia V Jakubzick, Gwendalyn J Randolph, Francis S Kim, Tata N Rao, Amy Wagers, Tracy S P Heng, Michio W Painter, Jeffrey A Ericson, Scott P Davis, Ayla Ergun, Michael Mingueneau, Diane Mathis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

249 Citations (Scopus)


Much of the knowledge about cell differentiation and function in the immune system has come from studies in mice, but the relevance to human immunology, diseases, and therapy has been challenged, perhaps more from anecdotal than comprehensive evidence. To this end, we compare two large compendia of transcriptional profiles of human and mouse immune cell types. Global transcription profiles are conserved between corresponding cell lineages. The expression patterns of most orthologous genes are conserved, particularly for lineage-specific genes. However, several hundred genes show clearly divergent expression across the examined cell lineages, and among them, 169 genes did so even with highly stringent criteria. Finally, regulatory mechanisms--reflected by regulators differential expression or enriched cis-elements--are conserved between the species but to a lower degree, suggesting that distinct regulation may underlie some of the conserved transcriptional responses.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2946 - 2951
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

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