Objective: Currently, staged procedures involving stoma formation and closure are the widely accepted treatment for newborns suffering from anorectal malformations (ARM) with recto-urethral fistula. This study aims to evaluate the safety and efficacy of one-stage single-incision laparoscopic-assisted anorectoplasty (SILAARP) as an alternative to the conventional approach. Methods: Newborns with ARMs and recto-urethral fistula who underwent one-stage SILAARP between June 2013 and December 2014 were reviewed. The procedure involved decompression of the meconium via a small temporary incision of the proximal sigmoid colon followed by a laparoscopic-assisted pull-through. Results: Sixteen ARM newborns [recto-prostatic fistula (6), recto-bulbar fistula (10)] successfully underwent a one-stage SILAARP. The mean age of the neonates at operation was 42.1 h. The average operative time was 2.4 h. The actual pull-through took 1.7 h, which did not differ significantly from 1.9 h in the pull-through procedure of our three-stage SILAARP control group. The median follow-up period was 16 months (8–26 months). No complications were encountered. Postoperative pelvic magnetic resonance imaging verified the centrally placed rectum within the muscle complex. Most patients started having bowel movements on postoperative day 1. Two constipated patients periodically required an enema for 1–3 months. Conclusions: One-stage SILAARP is safe and effective. It provides complete rectification of ARM with recto-urethral fistula immediately after birth with good cosmesis.
- Anorectal malformations with recto-urethral fistula
- One-stage anorectoplasty
- Single incision