Concise Review: Fetal Membranes in Regenerative Medicine: New Tricks from an Old Dog?

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Abstract

The clinical application of the fetal membranes dates back to nearly a century. Their use has ranged from superficial skin dressings to surgical wound closure. The applications of the fetal membranes are constantly evolving, and key to this is the uncovering of multiple populations of stem and stem-like cells, each with unique properties that can be exploited for regenerative medicine. In addition to pro-angiogenic and immunomodulatory properties of the stem and stem-like cells arising from the fetal membranes, the dehydrated and/or decellularized forms of the fetal membranes have been used to support the growth and function of other cells and tissues, including adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells. This concise review explores the biological origin of the fetal membranes, a history of their use in medicine, and recent developments in the use of fetal membranes and their derived stem and stem-like cells in regenerative medicine. Stem Cells Translational Medicine 2017;6:1767–1776.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1767-1776
Number of pages10
JournalStem Cells Translational Medicine
Volume6
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2017

Keywords

  • Cellular therapy
  • Fetal stem cells
  • Placental stem cells
  • Tissue regeneration
  • Tissue-specific stem cells

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