Political marketing has borrowed and adapted many terms from mainstream marketing, such as image management (segmentation, targeting, and positioning) and consumer (voter). In marketing, the terms “user” and “usage” have been established, yet their application to political marketing is less clear. This paper analyzes the feasibility and usefulness of usage in the political context. Drawing from the literature on usage, a model is developed and applied to four voting environments: Britain, Australia, Russia, and Belarus. One critical factor that emerges is the concept of choice, whereby the voter may chose to indicate their preference for one party yet be forced to use a different party as chosen by collective choice. Another issue is the potential for habitual voting behavior to limit decision making. It is concluded that usage needs to be contextualized specifically for political marketing.
- consumer behavior
- political marketing theory
- usage theory
- voting choice
Winchester, T., Hall, J., & Binney, W. (2016). Conceptualizing usage in voting behavior for political marketing: An application of consumer behavior. Journal of Political Marketing, 15(2-3), 259-284. https://doi.org/10.1080/15377857.2016.1151126