Con-Pi: a distributed container-based Edge and Fog computing framework

Redowan Mahmud, Adel N. Toosi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Edge and Fog computing paradigms overcome the limitations of cloud-centric execution for different latency-sensitive Internet of Things (IoT) applications by offering computing resources closer to the data sources. Small single-board computers (SBCs) like Raspberry Pis (RPis) are widely used as computing nodes in both paradigms. These devices are usually equipped with moderate speed processors and provide support for peripheral interfacing and networking, making them well-suited to deal with IoT-driven operations such as data sensing, analysis, and actuation. However, these small Edge devices are constrained in facilitating multi-tenancy and resource sharing. The management of computing and peripheral resources through centralized entities further degrades their performance and service quality significantly. To address these issues, a fully distributed framework, named Con-Pi, is proposed in this work to manage resources at the Edge or Fog environments. Con-Pi exploits the concept of containerization and harnesses Docker containers to run IoT applications as micro-services. The software system of the proposed framework also provides a scope to integrate different IoT applications, resource and energy management policies for Edge and Fog computing. Its performance is compared with the state-of-the-art frameworks through real-world experiments. The experimental results show that Con-Pi outperforms others in enhancing response time and managing energy usage and computing resources through its distributed offloading model. Further, we have developed an automated pest bird deterrent system using Con-Pi to demonstrate its suitability in developing practical solutions for various IoT-enabled use cases, including smart agriculture.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 6 Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Cloud computing
  • Container
  • Containers
  • Docker.
  • Economic indicators
  • Edge computing
  • Fog computing
  • Internet of Things
  • Microservice
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Resource management
  • Sensors

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