Composition of back-arc basin volcanics, Valu Fa Ridge, Lau Basin: Evidence for a slab-derived component in their mantle source

G. A. Jenner, P. A. Cawood, M. Rautenschlein, W. M. White

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Abstract

Samples dredged from 2 localities near the crest of the Valu Fa ridge, an active back-arc basin spreading centre in the Lau Basin, consist of highly vesicular lava fragments of andesitic composition. The samples are characterized by rare, euhedral An85 plagioclase phenocrysts in a hypocrystalline groundmass of An60 plagioclase laths, brown glass and rare subhedral clinopyroxene. Samples from within and, to a lesser extent, between the dredge hauls show remarkable isotopic and chemical homogeneity, with: 87Sr/86Sr - 0.70330 ± 2; 143Nd/144Nd - 0.51303 ± 2; 206Pb/204Pb - 18.65 ± 2; 207Pb/204Pb - 15.55 ± 1; 208Pb/204Pb - 38.34 ± 4; Sr - 165 ppm; Rb - 7 ppm; Cs - 0.17 ppm; K - 3300 to 4200 ppm; Ba - 96 ppm; and REE - LREE depleted with 12-18 × chondritic abundances. On Sr-Nd, Pb-Pb and Sr-Pb plots the volcanics lie just within or on the edge of the MORB fields, overlapping with island-arc volcanics from the Marianas and Tonga. Compared with MORB and ocean-island basalts, the samples show alkali-element enrichment relative to REE and higher Cs relative to Rb. The isotopic and geochemical characteristics of the Valu Fa Ridge volcanics clearly indicate a minor, but significant, slab-derived component in the back-arc basin mantle source.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-222
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
Volume32
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1987
Externally publishedYes

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