Complete characterization of the spasing (L-L) curve of a three-level quantum coherence enhanced spaser for design optimization

Lakshitha Kumarapperuma, Malin Premaratne, Pankaj K. Jha, Mark I. Stockman, Govind P. Agrawal

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24 Citations (Scopus)


We demonstrate that it is possible to derive an approximate analytical expression to characterize the spasing (L-L) curve of a coherently enhanced spaser with 3-level gain-medium chromophores. The utility of this solution stems from the fact that it enables optimization of the large parameter space associated with spaser designing, a functionality not offered by the methods currently available in the literature. This is vital for the advancement of spaser technology towards the level of device realization. Owing to the compact nature of the analytical expressions, our solution also facilitates the grouping and identification of key processes responsible for the spasing action, whilst providing significant physical insights. Furthermore, we show that our expression generates results within 0.1% error compared to numerically obtained results for pumping rates higher than the spasing threshold, thereby drastically reducing the computational cost associated with spaser designing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number201108
Number of pages5
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 14 May 2018

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