Competition between LIM-binding domains

Jacaqueline M Matthews, Mugdha Bhati, Vanessa J Craig, Janet E Deane, Cy Jeffries, Christopher Lee, Amy L Nancarrow, Daniel P Ryan, Margaret Sunde

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23 Citations (Scopus)


LMO (LIM-only) and LIM-HD (LIM-homeodomain) proteins form a family of proteins that is required for myriad developmental processes and which can contribute to diseases such as T-cell leukaemia and breast cancer. The four LMO and 12 LIM-HD proteins in mammals are expressed in a combinatorial manner in many cell types, forming a transcriptional LIM codea. The proteins all contain a pair of closely spaced LIM domains near their N-termini that mediate protein-protein interactions, including binding to the 30-residue LID (LIM interaction domain) of the essential co-factor protein Ldb1 (LIM domain-binding protein 1). In an attempt to understand the molecular mechanisms behind the LIM code, we have determined the molecular basis of binding of LMO and LIM-HD proteins for Ldb1LID through a series of structural, mutagenic and biophysical studies. These studies provide an explanation for why Ldb1 binds the LIM domains of the LMO/LIM-HD family, but not LIM domains from other proteins. The LMO/LIM-HD family exhibit a range of affinities for Ldb1, which influences the formation of specific functional complexes within cells. We have also identified an additional LIM interaction domain in one of the LIM-HD proteins, Isl1. Despite low sequence similarity to Ldb1LID, this domain binds another LIM-HD protein, Lhx3, in an identical manner to Ldb1LID. Through our and other studies, it is emerging that the multiple layers of competitive binding involving LMO and LIM-HD proteins and their partner proteins contribute significantly to cell fate specification and development.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1393 - 1397
Number of pages5
JournalBiochemical Society Transactions
Issue numberPt. 6
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

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