This study aimed to investigate the probability of target attainment (PTA) of various anidulafungin dosing regimens against Candida spp. in patients with acute leukaemia. A Monte Carlo simulation was performed using a previously published population pharmacokinetic model. The following dosing scenarios were evaluated: 200 mg loading dose (LD) on Day 1 then 100 mg daily (manufacturer s recommended dosing regimen); 200 mg LD on Day 1 then 100 mg every 48 h (q48 h); and 200 mg q48 h, 200 mg every 72 h (q72 h) and 300 mg q72 h. For each dosing regimen, free drug concentrations were calculated to evaluate the effect of 99 protein binding. The PTA at various pharmacodynamic (PD) targets was determined as the percentage of subjects who achieved a free drug area under the plasma concentration-time curve over the minimum inhibitory concentration ratio (AUC/MIC) or a free drug maximum plasma concentration over the minimum inhibitory concentration ratio (Cmax/MIC) above the PD targets. PTA expectation values were then calculated for each dosing regimen. The currently recommended dosing regimen of anidulafungin was not optimal for invasive candidiasis in patients with acute leukaemia. Alternate dosing strategies with higher doses and extended dosing intervals (intermittent dosing) achieved better target attainment. This is the first study to optimise therapy with anidulafungin using Monte Carlo simulation. These results provide a rationale in support of future clinical investigation of intermittent dosing of anidulafungin.