Comparison of the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamic profile of carumonam in cystic fibrosis patients and healthy volunteers

Jurgen Bulitta, Stephen Duffull, Cornelia Landersdorfer, Martina Kinzig, Ulrike Holzgrabe, U Stephan, George Drusano, Fritz Sorgel

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Our objectives were to compare the pharmacokinetics (PK) of carumonam, a monobactam, between cystic fibrosis (CF) patients and healthy volunteers and assess its pharmacodynamic profile. We studied 10 adult CF patients and 18 healthy volunteers of similar body size (dose: 2.166 g of carumonam as 15-min intravenous infusion). High performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection (HPLC-UV) was used for drug analysis and NONMEM (ICON, Ellicot City, MD) for population PK and Monte Carlo simulation with targets between > or =20 and 100 free time above MIC (fT > MIC). Unscaled renal clearance was 24 higher in CF patients. Lean body mass and creatinine clearance explained the difference in average clearance and volume of distribution between both subject groups. For a daily dose of 6 g per 70 kg of total body weight, 15-min infusions q8h achieved robust (>90 ) probabilities of target attainment (PTAs) (target, 60 fT > MIC) for MICs <or =3 mg/L in CF patients and <or =6 mg/L in healthy volunteers. At the same dose, 4-h infusions q8h achieved robust PTAs up to markedly higher MICs <or =8 to 12 mg/L in CF patients and <or =16 mg/L in healthy volunteers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)130 - 141
Number of pages12
JournalDiagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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