Comparison of manual and automated auscultatory blood pressure during graded exercise among people with type 2 diabetes

Myles N. Moore, Dean S. Picone, Michele L. Callisaya, Velandai Srikanth, James E. Sharman, Martin G. Schultz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Manual measurement of blood pressure (BP) during exercise testing is the recommended standard. Automated measurement of BP is an alternative method used during clinical exercise testing, but there is little data comparing manual and automated BP in this setting. The aim of this study was to determine the concordance between manual and automated BP during a standard clinical treadmill exercise test. 416 participants (66 ± 5 years; 54% male) completed a Bruce treadmill exercise test at baseline or follow-up within a clinical trial of participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Manual and automated BP were measured simultaneously at each exercise test stage. Manual BP was measured by a technician blinded to automated BP values (Tango+, Suntech). Concordance between manual and automated BP was assessed using mean differences and intraclass correlations (ICC). Concordance between manual and automated BP across all exercise stages was excellent for systolic BP (overall mean difference: 3 ± 11 mm Hg, P =.598; ICC = 0.964 [95% CI 0.942-0.977] and pulse pressure (overall mean difference: 2 ± 14 mm Hg, P =.595; ICC = 0.934 [95% CI 0.899-0.956]). Concordance between manual and automated diastolic BP across all exercise stages was moderate-to-good (overall mean difference: 1 ± 9 mm Hg, P =.905; ICC = 0.784 [95% CI 0.672-0.858]). Automated BP using the Tango + device is concordant with manual BP during early stages of a standard clinical exercise test. Thus, this automated method may be a suitable alternative to manual measurement of BP during clinical exercise testing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1872-1878
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Hypertension
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019


  • diagnostic techniques and procedures
  • ergometry
  • exercise blood pressure

Cite this