Comparison between single- and dual-porosity models for fluid transport in predicting lesion volume following saline-infused radiofrequency ablation

Ean H. Ooi, Nicholas J. Y. Chia, Ean T. Ooi, Ji J. Foo, Iman Y. Liao, Shalini R. Nair, Ahmad F. Mohd Ali

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A recent study by Ooi and Ooi (EH Ooi, ET Ooi, Mass transport in biological tissues: Comparisons between single- and dual-porosity models in the context of saline-infused radiofrequency ablation, Applied Mathematical Modelling, 2017, 41, 271-284) has shown that single-porosity (SP) models for describing fluid transport in biological tissues significantly underestimate the fluid penetration depth when compared to dual-porosity (DP) models. This has raised some concerns on whether the SP model, when coupled with models of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) to simulate saline-infused RFA, could lead to an underestimation of the coagulation size. This paper compares the coagulation volumes obtained following saline-infused RFA predicted based on the SP and DP models for fluid transport. Results showed that the SP model predicted coagulation zones that are consistently 0.5 to 0.9 times smaller than that of DP model. This may be explained by the low permeability value of the tissue interstitial space, which causes the majority of the saline to flow through the vasculature. The absence of fluid flow tracking in the vasculature in the SP model meant that any flow of saline into the vasculature is treated as losses and do not contribute to the saline penetration depth of the tissue. Comparisons with experimental results from the literature revealed that the DP models predicted coagulation zone sizes that are closer to the experimental values than the SP models. This supports the hypothesis that the SP model is a poor choice for simulating the outcome of saline-infused RFA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1142-1156
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Hyperthermia
Volume34
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Nov 2018

Keywords

  • fluid transport
  • lesion size
  • porous medium
  • Saline-infused RFA
  • thermal ablation

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