Comparison between different dialysate calcium concentrations in nocturnal hemodialysis

Nigel David Toussaint, Kevan R Polkinghorne, Peter Kerr, Christine A Somerville, John Agar

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Benefits of dialysate with greater calcium (Ca) concentration are reported in nocturnal hemodialysis (NHD) to prevent Ca depletion and subsequent hyperparathyroidism. Studies with patients dialyzing against 1.25 mmol/L Ca baths demonstrate increases in alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) and increasing dialysate Ca subsequently corrects this problem. However, whether 1.5 or 1.75 mmol/L dialysate Ca is most appropriate for NHD is yet to be determined, and differences in the effect on mineral metabolism of daily vs. alternate daily NHD have also not been well defined. We retrospectively analyzed mineral metabolism in 48 patients, from 2 institutions (30 at Monash and 18 at Geelong), undergoing home NHD (8 hr/night, 3.5a??6 nights/week) for a minimum of 6 months. Thirty-seven patients were dialyzed against 1.5 mmol/L Ca bath and 11 patients against 1.75 mmol/L. We divided patients into 4 groups, based on dialysate Ca and also on the hours per week of dialysis,o40 (1.5 mmol/L, n=29 and 1.75 mmol/L, n=8) or 40 (n=4 and 7). We compared predialysis and postdialysis serum markers, time-averaged over a 6-month period, and the administration of calcitriol and Ca-based phosphate binders between 1.5 and 1.75 mmol/L Ca dialysate groups. Baseline characteristics between all groups were similar, with a slightly longer, but nonsignificant, duration of NHD in both 1.75 mmol/L dialysate groups compared with 1.5 mmol/L.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217 - 224
Number of pages8
JournalHemodialysis International
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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