Comparing the identification of Clostridium spp. by two Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization-Time of Flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry platforms to 16S rRNA PCR sequencing as a reference standard: a detailed analysis of age of culture and sample preparation

Roy Chean, Despina Kotsanas, Michelle J Francis, Enzo A Palombo, Snehal R Jadhav, Milena M Awad, Dena Lyras, Tony M Korman, Grant A Jenkin

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We compared the identification of Clostridium species using mass spectrometry by two different Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) platforms (Bruker MS and Vitek MS) against 16S rRNA sequencing as the reference standard. We then examined the impact of different sample preparations and (on one of those platforms) age of bacterial colonial growth on the performance of the MALDI-TOF MS systems. We identified 10 different species amongst the 52 isolates by 16S rRNA sequencing, with Clostridium perfringens the most prevalent (n=30). Spectrometric analysis using Vitek MS correctly speciated 47/52 (90.4 ) isolates and was not affected by the sample preparation used. Performance of the Bruker MS was dependent on sample preparation with correct speciation obtained for 36 of 52 (69.2 ) isolates tested using the Direct Transfer [DT] protocol, but all 52 (100 ) isolates were correctly speciated using either an Extended Direct Transfer [EDT] or a Full Formic Extraction [EX] protocol. We then examined the effect of bacterial colonial growth age on the performance of Bruker MS and found substantial agreement in speciation using DT (Kappa=0.62, 95 CI: 0.46-0.75), almost perfect agreement for EDT (Kappa=0.94, 95 CI: 0.86-1.00) and exact agreement for EX (Kappa=1.00) between different days.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85 - 89
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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