Comparative physical mapping using overgo-tagged site reveals strong conservation of synteny between cultivated and common wild rice in the 1.2 mb yld1.1 region

Beng Kah Song, Robbie Waugh, David Marshall, Kalaivani Nadarajah, Wickneswari Ratnam

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    After screening bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) libraries by pooled overgo hybridizations, determining the precise relationship between individual overgo probes and positively hybridizing clones is generally time consuming and laborious. To simplify the deconvolution step we developed overgo-tagged site (OTS) PCR-based markers and used them to verify BAC-overgo relationships and build a local BAC contig. We demonstrate the approach using fourteen OTS-PCR markers and an additional five sequence-tagged site (STS)-PCR markers spanning the yield related QTL yld1.1 from the wild rice species Oryza rufipogon. All OTS and STS tests revealed PCR fragments of the expected size. Comparisons between the OTS-PCR-based BAC contig and the publicly available physical map of yld1.1 indicated that these markers efficiently produced a robust local BAC contig assembly. In the process we reveal strong conservation of synteny within the studied 1.2 Mb region, which potentially harbors yield related genes, when comparing the physical order of the OTS-PCR markers on the O. rufipogon BAC contig with the O. sativa genome sequence. By resequencing amplicons across the region we established that the rice species examined exhibit a very low level of molecular polymorphism, suggestive of strong selection. We discuss how OTS-PCR marker application could be extended to larger genomic regions or play a valuable role in future BAC-based genomic comparisons at the local scale.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)157 - 168
    Number of pages12
    JournalAsia-Pacific Journal of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

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