Communicating about the management of medications as patients move across transition points of care: An observation and interview study

Elizabeth Manias, Marie Gerdtz, Allison Williams, Josephine McGuiness, Michael Dooley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rationale, aims and objectives: As patients move across transition points, effective medication management is critical for patient safety. The aims of this study were to examine how health professionals, patients and family members communicate about managing medications as patients moved across transition points of care and to identify possible sources of communication failure. Method: A descriptive approach was used involving observations and interviews. The emergency departments and medical wards of two hospitals were involved. Observations focused on how health professionals managed medications during interactions with other health professionals, patients and family members, as patients moved across clinical settings. Follow-up interviews with participants were also undertaken. Thematic analysis was completed of transcribed data, and descriptive statistics were used to analyse characteristics of communication failure. Results: Three key themes were identified: environmental challenges, interprofessional relationships, and patient and family beliefs and responsibilities. As patients moved between environments, insufficient tracking occurred about medication changes. Before hospital admission, patients participated in self-care medication activities, which did not always involve exemplary behaviours or match the medications that doctors prescribed. During observations, 432 instances of communication failure (42.8%) were detected, which related to purpose, content, audience and occasion of the communication. Conclusions: Extensive challenges exist involving the management of medications at transition points of care. Bedside handovers and ward rounds can be utilized as patient counselling opportunities about changes in the medication regimen. Greater attention is needed on how patients in the community make medication-related decisions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)635-643
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016

Keywords

  • Communication
  • Interprofessional care
  • Interviews
  • Medication management
  • Observations
  • Transitional care

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