Combined gas chromatographic mass-spectrometric procedure for the measurement of captopril and sulfur-conjugated metabolites of captopril in plasma and urine

Olaf H. Drummer, Bevyn Jarrott, William J. Louis

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A gas chromatographicmass spectrometric method is described for the simultaneous measurement of the novel anti-hypertensive drug captopril, and the following metabolites: captopril disulfide dimer, S-methyl captopril, and S-methyl captopril sulfone. With this method all derivatives can be chromatographed using conventional gas chromatography of hexafluoroisopropyl esters in one temperature-programmed run and these can then be quantitated using selected-ion monitoring techniques. Using urine or plasma, captopril, S-methyl captopril and the disulfide dimer of captopril in concentrations as low as 1 ng/ml, 10 ng/ml and 25 ng/ml, respectively can be detected. The reproducibility of the method is satisfactory both within-assay and inter-assay. This technique has demonstrated that the pattern of urinary excretion of these compounds in both man and rat was similar. Excretion of unchanged captopril, S-methyl captopril and the disulfide dimer over 6 h in man given captopril (50 or 100 mg) chronically was 18.3%, 0.97% and 3.06%, respectively. Corresponding excretion of these three compounds in the rat following a single 10 mg/kg dose was 18.3%, 2.69% and 1.8%, respectively. A possible sulfone oxidation product of S-methyl captopril was not detected in the urine of either man or rat.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-93
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Chromatography B: Biomedical Sciences and Applications
Issue numberC
Publication statusPublished - 1984
Externally publishedYes

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