Combined CT coronary angiography and stress myocardial perfusion imaging for hemodynamically significant stenoses in patients with suspected coronary artery disease: a comparison with fractional flow reserve
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Research › peer-review
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the accuracy of combined coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) and computed tomography stress myocardial perfusion imaging (CTP) in the detection of hemodynamically significant stenoses using fractional flow reserve (FFR) as a reference standard in patients with suspected coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND: CTP can be qualitatively assessed by visual interpretation or quantified by the transmural perfusion ratio determined as the ratio of subendocardial to subepicardial contrast attenuation. The incremental value of each technique in addition to coronary CTA to detect hemodynamically significant stenoses is not known. METHODS: Forty symptomatic patients underwent FFR and 320-detector computed tomography assessment including coronary CTA and CTP. Myocardial perfusion was assessed using the transmural perfusion ratio and visual perfusion assessment. Computed tomography images were assessed by consensus of 2 observers. Transmural perfusion ratio 90 accuracy compared with FFR. When interpreted with coronary CTA, visual perfusion assessment provided superior incremental value in the detection of FFR-significant stenoses compared with the quantitative transmural perfusion ratio assessment.