Combinations of solid oxide fuel cell and several enhanced gas turbine cycles

Prapan Kuchonthara, Sankar Bhattacharya, Atsushi Tsutsumi

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Combined power generation systems with combinations of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) and various enhanced gas turbine (GT) cycles were evaluated. In the GT part, steam injected gas turbine (STIG) cycle, GT/steam turbine (ST) combined cycle, and humid air turbine (HAT) cycle were considered. Moreover, additional recuperation was considered by means of air preheating (APH) in the STIG cycle. Effects of operating turbine inlet temperature (TIT) and pressure ratio (PR) on overall system performance were assessed. Although the SOFC-HAT system shows the lowest specific work output compared to other systems, its highest thermal efficiency presents a significant advantage. Furthermore, at high TITs and PRs the SOFC-HAT system gives the best performance in terms of both thermal efficiency and specific work. Results indicate that energy recuperative features in the HAT promote the positive effect of increasing TIT by means of enhancing GT efficiency, leading to the improvement in thermal efficiency of the overall system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-75
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2003


  • Combined cycle
  • Gas turbine
  • HAT cycle
  • Power generation systemLHV
  • Solid oxide fuel cell

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