Collective classification via discriminative matrix factorization on sparsely labeled networks

Daokun Zhang, Jie Yin, Xingquan Zhu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


We address the problem of classifying sparsely labeled networks, where labeled nodes in the network are extremely scarce. Existing algorithms, such as collective classification, have been shown to be effective for jointly deriving labels of related nodes, by exploiting label dependencies among neighboring nodes. However, when the network is sparsely labeled, most nodes have too few or even no connections to labeled nodes. This makes it very difficult to leverage supervised knowledge from labeled nodes to accurately estimate label dependencies, thereby largely degrading classification accuracy. In this paper, we propose a novel discriminative matrix factorization (DMF) based algorithm that effectively learns a latent network representation by exploiting topo-logical paths between labeled and unlabeled nodes, in addition to nodes' content information. The main idea is to use matrix factorization to obtain a compact representation of the network that fully encodes nodes' content information and network structure, and unleash discriminative power inferred from labeled nodes to directly benefit collective classification. We formulate a new matrix factorization objective function that integrates network representation learning with an empirical loss minimization for classifying node labels. An efficient optimization algorithm based on conjugate gradient methods is proposed to solve the new objective function. Experimental results on real-world networks show that DMF yields superior performance gain over the state-of-the-art baselines on sparsely labeled networks.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCIKM 2016 - Proceedings of the 2016 ACM Conference on Information and Knowledge Management
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781450340731
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes
EventACM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management 2016 - Indianapolis, United States of America
Duration: 24 Oct 201628 Oct 2016
Conference number: 25th

Publication series

NameInternational Conference on Information and Knowledge Management, Proceedings


ConferenceACM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management 2016
Abbreviated titleCIKM 2016
Country/TerritoryUnited States of America
Internet address


  • Collective classification
  • Matrix factorization
  • Network representation learning
  • Sparsely labeled networks

Cite this