Collective action for wellness in the Malaysian workplace: Protocol for a feasibility study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleOtherpeer-review


Background: Chronic diseases and the associated risk factors are preventable with lifestyle changes such as eating a healthier diet and being more physically active. In Malaysia, the prevalence of chronic diseases, including diabetes, hypertension, and heart diseases, has risen. In the present study, we explore the potential of co-designing and implementing a digital wellness intervention to promote socially-driven health knowledge and practices in the workplace in Malaysia, drawing on social cognitive theory, social impact theory, and social influence theory. Objective: This study aims to co-design and assess the feasibility of a socially-driven digital health intervention to promote healthy behavior and prevent chronic diseases in a workplace in Malaysia. Methods: This study involves two phases: (i) identifying the barriers and facilitators to healthy behaviors at work and co-designing the intervention activities with the employees, (ii) implementing and evaluating the intervention’s feasibility. Phase 1 will involve qualitative data collection and analysis through semi-structured, in-depth interviews and co-design workshops with the employees, while Phase 2 will consist of a feasibility study employing quantitative measurements of health behaviors through accelerometers and questionnaires. Results: This study was funded in June 2021 and ethics approval for Phase 1 was obtained from the Monash University Human Research Ethics Committee in January 2022. As of August 2022, qualitative interviews with 12 employees have been completed and the data has been transcribed and analyzed. These results will be published in a future paper with results from all Phase 1 activities. Conclusions: The study will help us to better understand the mechanisms through which digital technologies can promote socially-driven health knowledge and behaviors. This research will also result in a scalable wellness intervention that could be further tailored and expanded to other employers and social groups across the region. International Registered Report Identifier (IRRID): PRR1-10.2196/39238.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere39238
Number of pages31
JournalJMIR Research Protocols
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


  • chronic diseases
  • diet
  • digital
  • digital health
  • digital wellness
  • disease
  • employee
  • health knowledge
  • healthy behaviours
  • intervention
  • Malaysia
  • mobile device
  • promote
  • social
  • social group
  • wellness
  • workplace
  • workplace wellness

Cite this