Cognitive-behavioral therapy for body dysmorphic disorder: A review of its efficacy

Angélica M. Prazeres, Antônio L. Nascimento, Leonardo F. Fontenelle

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to review the efficacy of different methods of cognitive and/or behavioral therapies used to treat body dysmorphic disorder. We evaluated all case series, open studies, controlled trials, and meta-analyses of cognitive and/or behavioral treatment approaches to body dysmorphic disorder published up to July 2012, identified through a search in the PubMed/Medline, PsycINFO, ISI Web of Knowledge, and Scopus databases. Our findings indicate that individual and group cognitive behavioral therapies are superior to waiting list for the treatment of body dysmorphic disorder. While the efficacy of cognitive therapy is supported by one controlled trial, utility of behavioral therapy is suggested by one open study and one controlled relapse prevention follow-up study. There is a pressing need to conduct head-to-head studies, with appropriate, active, control treatment groups, in order to examine further the efficacy of cognitive and/or behavioral therapies for body dysmorphic disorder.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-316
Number of pages10
JournalNeuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Feb 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Behavioral therapy
  • Cognitive therapy
  • Dysmorphophobia
  • Literature review

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