Biomimetic nanocomposites and scaffolds hold the key to a wide range of biomedical applications. Here we show, for the first time, a facile scheme of cofibrillizing pathogenic and functional amyloid fibrils via gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and their applications against amyloidogenesis. This scheme was realized by β-sheet stacking between human islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) and the β-lactoglobulin "corona" of the AuNPs, as revealed by transmission electron microscopy, 3D atomic force microscopy, circular dichroism spectroscopy, and molecular dynamics simulations. The biomimetic AuNPs eliminated IAPP toxicity, enabled X-ray destruction of IAPP amyloids, and allowed dark-field imaging of pathogenic amyloids and their immunogenic response by human T cells. In addition to providing a viable new nanotechnology against amyloidogenesis, this study has implications for understanding the in vivo cross-talk between amyloid proteins of different pathologies.