High conductivity NiCo2S4 (NCS) nanosheets in situ grown in porous nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide (PN-rGO) materials were successfully prepared via a simple hydrothermal method. A synergistic effect between the NCS and PN-rGO matrix is observed on the electrochemical performance of the composites. PN-rGO/NCS exhibits an equivalent ultralow diffusion resistance and charge transfer resistance (0.16 Ω), ultrahigh specific capacitance (1,687 F g−1 at a current density of 0.5 A g−1), and an excellent rate capability (1,478 F g−1 at a current density of 10 A g−1). The asymmetric supercapacitor (ASC) is designed with PN-rGO/NCS as the positive electrode and active carbon as the negative electrode. The ASC device exhibits a high capacitance (355.5 F g−1 at a current density of 1 A g−1). Density functional theory calculations show PN-rGO/NCS to increase the electrical conductivity of the material, and concomitantly the electrochemical performance. The data suggest that the PN-rGO/NCS hybrid structure can be considered as a future supercapacitor electrode material.
- Hybrid supercapacitor
- Porous nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide